Summary of Training Content
Communication means the process of sending information from the sender to the receiver the purpose is to induce the recipients to react expected to meet the sender
The Process of Communication
Types of Communication
Nonverbal Communication refers to the use of symbols other than words to transmit messages. if Includes gestures, body language, how we utter words, aspects of our environment that influence meaning and objects such a jewelry, furniture and clothing that send people messages about ourselves
Elements of Nonverbal Communication
Levels of Communication
Intrapersonal Communication- communicating with one’s self.
Interpersonal Communication- Communication between two or more persons
Dyadic Communication- is the communication that occurs between two persons
Ex. Everyday English-telephone conversation
Small Group Communication
Ex. Everyday English-giving Directions, Everyday English-Tour Guiding
Public Communication– large group communication
Mass Communication– communication through the use of mass media
The Human Voice
Voice is the production of sound. It accompanies the human speech with the combination of the sounds from the human voice so that they become symbols that represent meanings to both the speaker and the listener. The human voice is capable of various dimensions making it possible to identify one person to another
Elements of the human voice
IT refers to the timbre of the voice. This characteristic distinguishes one voice from another. Qualities could be soft, harsh, husky nasal, breathy, or thin. This distinctive characteristic of voice makes it pleasant or unpleasant to hear
Here are the varying voice qualities:
Thin Voice – This voice quality is thin and high pitched, the high pitch being is its chief characteristic. This “Falsetto” quality occurs only in extreme fatigue, weakening, old age, ill health, or in extreme excitement
Voice Levels (Pitch)
Pitch concerns how high or low a voice may be. Pitch is another element of voice which shows emotions. It is the location of the sound on the musical scale and is determined by the tension applied to the tone-producing mechanism – the vocal chords. Varying the pitch mean going up and down the scale so that voices could be described as high, medium, or low.
Voice intensity is a quality in speaking that arises from strong feeling. Never confuse it with mere loudness of tone. IT pertains to the force used in speech. This amplification of the tone is caused by the force of the expiratory air stream and the efficient use of the resonators, not by the constriction of the throat. Intensity also refers to the effect of a sound on the ear- which may mean loudness or softness
Volume and Voice Projection
Volume is the degree of loudness; and projection is the process of directing the voice to a specific target
Speech rate pertains to the speed variations in speaking. Slow speech projects such personality characteristics as calmness, acceptance, and formality. If the speech is very slow, it may project an image of dullness, listlessness, apathy, laziness, and sometimes lack of intelligence. Rapid speech projects animation, enthusiasm, excitement, and informality
Public Speaking As A Communication
Public Communication – also known, large group communication, is a form of communication consisting of a speaker who acts as the source of information and a public or group of people who receives the information related. In this wet up, immediate and obvious feedback is not necessary, sometimes, restricted, because of the physical and psychological distance between the speaker and the audience. This form lacks the spontaneity of the face-to –face communication.
Examples of this kind are the speeches to inform, to persuade, and to entertain which are usually given before an audience
Profile of a Good Speaker
An impromptu speech is a speech that you have to make when you haven’t prepared. In life, this can happen when you attend special events, like weddings or celebrations. In school, teachers use impromptu speeches as homework assignments to help you develop communication skills and to help you prepare for those future life surprises.
Speeches are words that are beautiful, melodic, and keen. Speeches are often given in important ceremonies, such as major hospitality ceremonies. The ceremony has been held for important positions, such as the Prime Minister, President, or at the celebrations, reminiscences of important people, national important days, or a particular topic. To create insights It is a statement that expresses political goodwill. Speech is important. It is often regarded as a great talk.